It looks like, next year, the dairy section won’t see the price increases we have all seen in 2022, Sylvain Charlebois writes.
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Milk
Milking Canadians is getting harder

The Canadian Dairy Commission has just released its recommendations for 2023. Unlike last year’s shocking 8.4 per cent, which was almost double the previous record, the increase won’t be as dramatic.

As of Feb. 1, 2023, most farmers in Canada will get about 2.2 per cent more for their milk. Provincial boards have the final say, but it looks like, next year, the dairy section won’t see the price increases we have all seen in 2022.

According to Statistics Canada, food prices overall are up 10.3 per cent over last year, and dairy products are now 9.7 per cent more expensive compared to last year. The attention grabber in the dairy section was butter. In many parts of the country, butter is 20 per cent more expensive than last year. Many people have just given up on the product and are now opting for non-dairy alternatives.

The Canadian Dairy Commission’s work has priced many dairy products out of the market, impacting demand for many products. And once you lose consumers, it may be for good.

While dairy farmers want a fair price for their work, many others, mostly in the western part of the country, including southern Ontario where farms are larger and more technologically focused, concerns about losing market share are looming.

Unlike in other years, the Canadian Dairy Commission actually invited the media to a news conference to announce price hikes and answer questions. Such an approach was very refreshing. Typically, the commission would just post a brief, 200-word abstract on its website, announcing the increase. It was simply insulting.

Last year’s 8.4 per cent increase was a complete disaster, undermining consumer trust. Social media massacred the commission due to its lack of compassion or sincerity. Many were left wondering how a Crown corporation could be so opaque and closed off to the public. The increase gave an illusion that the commission and dairy farmers were one, and it shouldn’t.

For one, how numbers are calculated and what data is used should also be made available when announcing changes to farm milk prices. The commission conducts a yearly survey to assess the cost of producing milk and butterfat in Canada. The commission has always wrongfully argued that the identity of farmers participating in their annual survey should be protected. In research, anyone can present data while preserving the identity of subjects. It’s not rocket science.

The key is to understand how efficient our dairy farms actually are and what types of farms are included in the sample design. All these things matter when calculating costs. And as we witnessed this year, retail prices are strongly affected by how much dairy farmers end up getting. For every dollar paid for fluid milk at retail, about 40 to 60 per cent of the cost goes back to the farmer, depending on the brand and location of purchase.

The governance of the commission also needs to change. Right now, the commission is controlled by two individuals severely compromised by their relationship with the dairy sector. The number of commissioners needs to expand to at least five academics, and food-rescuing agencies should be included. Right now, the perception of conflict of interest is nothing less than disturbing.

By having a news conference, though, the commission showed respect toward the Canadian public. That’s a start. Now some real changes are needed, and let’s hope it doesn’t stop there.

This year, not only was the presentation thorough, but journalists were also able to ask questions. The commission is showing signs of openness, but more must be done.

The quality rating of domestic dairy products has remained above 99 percent for six consecutive years, experts said at a webinar.

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